HUMAN ANATOMY TEACHING
Anatomy is the science that studies the structures of the human body and is considered as the foundation of all the art of medicine. Although the interest of anatomy implies the structure of organs, structure and function are closely related, as seen in the comparison between geography and history, or anatomy and physiology. Classical anatomy has been taught at all universities around the world by means of the dissection of formaldehyde cadaver parts. It is the established method in the anatomical environment, and can, today, vary in some components of the fixative solution of tissues or organs.
The teaching of this important discipline has been carried out in Universities around the world where, in addition to lectures, practical classes are taught using anatomical parts: whole corpses or their parts, prepared and stored in special vats in 10% formalin solution. . Among the courses that study human anatomy are: Medicine, Dentistry, Physical Education, Pharmacy, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Nursing, Nutrition, Speech Therapy, Chiropractic, Biology among others.
Teaching in general has been evolving a lot with technology, making it easier for the student to understand this dreaded subject. With access to the internet, anatomy students have a collection of images, videos and articles that help and complement the study of anatomy. Therefore, it should not be forgotten that all these means work only as auxiliaries and that the most important, undoubtedly, is still the observation of the anatomical parts.
The teaching of anatomy has been evolving gradually, with new techniques for preserving corpses, dissecting methods, and preparing parts from all systems of the human body. Therefore, the corpse ends up being a material whose existence is essential because it allows the focus of each organ or part of them. Knowledge of these is the primary basis for the exercise of future clinical and especially surgical practice of students.