The anatomical position is a reference position, which gives meaning to the directional terms used in the description in the parts and regions of the body. Discussions about the body, the way it moves, its posture or the relationship between one area and another assume that the body as a whole is in a specific position called POSITION ANATOMIC . In this way, anatomists, when writing their texts, refer to the object of description considering the individual as if he were always in the standardized position.
The body is in an upright posture (standing, orthostatic, or bipedal) with the upper limbs extended alongside the torso and the palms facing forward. The head and feet are also pointed forward and looking towards the horizon.