The ovary is an even organ comparable to an almond approximately 3 cm long, 2 cm wide and 1.5 cm thick.
It is located behind the broad ligament of the uterus and just below the fallopian tube, with its great axis lying parallel to it.
Because the distal 1/3 of the fallopian tube is usually downward, the ovary takes a vertical position with one end directed upwards and one downward.
Compared to almond, one edge would be anterior and the other posterior, conditioning it so that one face is lateral and another medial.
The medial border is attached to an expansion of the broad ligament of the uterus that is called mesovary, and is therefore called the mesovarian border, while the posterior border is known as the free border.
The mesovarian border represents the Ovary Hilo It is through it that the ovarian vessels enter and leave.
The lower extremity is called the tubal extremity and the upper uterine extremity.
The ovary is attached to the uterus and pelvic cavity by ligaments, the set of which can be roughly compared to the cables of the aerial trams, the tram being the ovary; The segment of the cable that connects to the pelvic wall is called the suspensory ligament of the ovary and the portion of the cable that goes to the uterus is the ligament of the ovary.
THE Suspension Ligament of Ovary extends from the psoas major fascia to the tubal end of the ovary, while the Ovarian Ligament goes from its uterine end to the lateral edge of the uterus, just below the implantation of the base of the fallopian tube.
And running through the suspensory ligament of the ovary, the ovarian artery and vein supply this organ.
At puberty the ovaries begin to secrete sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Mature follicle cells secrete estrogen, while the corpus luteum produces large amounts of progesterone and little estrogen. These hormones turn the "girl" into a "woman."
|OVARIAN INTERNAL STRUCTURES
|Source: NETTER, Frank H .. Atlas of Human Anatomy. 2 ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2000.|
Female Genital System