Current legislation provides for the use of corpses for the purpose of scientific studies or research. Law 8.501 / 92, in its Article 2, states: & #8220; the corpse not claimed by the public authorities, within 30 days, may be destined to medical schools for teaching and scientific research purposes & #8221; . We consider the inadequacy of legal dictates in terms of scientific practice, since the corpse must be formalized within 72 hours post-mortem, otherwise the process of degeneration is aggravated, making its use impossible. It is therefore believed that, at the moment, this legislation is not meeting the needs of anatomy teaching. Consequently, the lack of human corpses is still a reality in universities, which can certainly seriously undermine the education of health students.
The anatomy department of a university or college has to have an environment full of anatomical parts, enabling it to teach properly, training skilled and competent professionals. It is these professionals who will later serve the population itself. Thus, the maintenance of an anatomy laboratory with numerous students of health courses requires, in the very near future, a system for capturing human cadavers. This can be done in the same way as in developed countries such as Germany, the United States and Japan.
In Japan, the Anatomy Department has a Special Commission with the secretariat that registers individuals who want to donate their bodies in life. Control of volunteers indicating personal data is done on tokens, thoroughly containing all individual characteristics. On the other hand, the institution delimits the regions or neighborhoods that can participate in this system, since the department needs 30 to 40 corpses annually. In the body donation system, in its postmortem phase, the death of the registered person is immediately reported to the department that provides the relevant acts and perfuses the body for conservation. In Japan, all institutions have adequate infrastructure for the system and are prepared to meet the costs of transport and subsequent burial service when the dissection work is completed. As for the return of the bodies to the relatives, it is done on a date set in the department's calendar, when relatives or relatives are invited to attend a joint mass and when the ashes are delivered. Although this process works a lot in other countries, we doubt that it also happens in Brazil. Our culture, our religious beliefs, and many other factors can simply make it unfeasible.