Anatomical position


The anatomical position is a reference position, which gives meaning to the directional terms used in describing parts and regions of the body. Discussions about the body, the way it moves, its posture, or the relationship between one area and another assume that the body as a whole is in a specific position called POSITION ANATOMIC. Thus, anatomists, when writing their texts, refer to the object of description considering the individual as always in the standard position.

The body is in an upright posture (standing, standing or bipedal) with the upper limbs extended at the side of the trunk and the palms facing forward. The head and feet are also pointed forward and the gaze towards the horizon.




Position SUPINA and PRONA These are expressions used to describe the position of the body when it is not in the anatomical position.

Upright or back position - the body is lying face up.

PRONA POSITION OR VENTRAL DECUB - the body is lying face down.

SIDE DECUBIT - the body is lying on its side.

LITOTOMY POSITION - the body is lying face up, with 90 ° flexion of the hip and knee, exposing the perineum.

TRENDELEMBURG POSITION - The body is lying face up, with the head on the stretcher tilted down about 40 °.