Anatomical Approaches


The three main approaches to studying anatomy are: regional, systemic and clinical.

The) Regional Anatomy: is the method of studying the body by regions such as the thorax and abdomen. Surface anatomy is an essential part of the study of regional anatomy.

B) Systemic Anatomy: is the method of study of the body by systems, eg circulatory and reproductive system.

W) Clinical Anatomy: emphasizes structure and function as they relate to the practice of medicine and other health sciences.

From a medical point of view, human anatomy consists in knowing the exact shape, exact position, size and relationship between the various structures of the human body as health-related features. This type of study is called descriptive or topographic anatomy. Topographic anatomy is learned through repeated dissection exercises and inspection of parts (cadavers especially intended for research).

From a morphological point of view, human anatomy is a scientific study that aims to discover the causes that led the structures of the human body to be as they are, and to this end calls for help to the sciences known as embryology, evolutionary biology, phylogeny and histology. .

In the medical area there is another type of anatomical study, defined as pathological anatomy, which is the study of defective or disease-affected organs. The branches of normal anatomy with specific applications, or restricted to certain aspects, receive names such as medical anatomy, surgical anatomy, artistic anatomy, surface anatomy.