Anatomical Position

The anatomical position is a reference position, which gives meaning to the directional terms used in the description in the parts and regions of the body. Discussions about the body, the way it moves, its posture or the relationship between one area and another assume that the body as a whole is in a specific position called POSITION ANATOMIC . In this way, anatomists, when writing their texts, refer to the object of description considering the individual as if he were always in the standardized position.

The body is in an upright posture (standing, orthostatic, or bipedal) with the upper limbs extended alongside the torso and the palms facing forward. The head and feet are also pointed forward and looking towards the horizon.




Position SUPINE and PRONE are expressions used to describe the position of the body, when it is not in the anatomical position.

SUPPINE POSITION or SUPINE POSITION - the body is lying face up.

PRONE or PRONE POSITION - the body is lying face down.

SIDE DECUBITATION - the body is lying on its side.

LITHOTOMY POSITION – the body is lying face up, with 90° flexion of the hip and knee, exposing the perineum.

TRENDELEMBURG POSITION – The body is lying face up, with the head on the stretcher tilted down about 40°.